- SPECIES REACTIVITY: Human
- IMMUNOGEN: Rabbit polyclonal antibodies were raised against peptides corresponding to amino acid sequences from each of the corresponding proteins.
- TESTED APPLICATIONS: IF, IHC, WB
- SET CONTENTS: ATR Antibody (IN), Catalog No. 3117 (50 μg)
Anthrax PA Antibody (IN), Catalog No. 3411 (50 μg)
Anthrax LF Antibody (CT), Catalog No. 3417 (50 μg)
Anthrax EF Antibody, Catalog No. 3419 (50 μg)
Anthrax PA Peptide (IN), Catalog No. 3411P
Anthrax LF Peptide (CT), Catalog No. 3417P
Anthrax EF Peptide, Catalog No. 3419P
- PURIFICATION: Antibodies are supplied as affinity chromatography purified IgG.
- CLONALITY: Polyclonal
- PHYSICAL STATE: Liquid
- BUFFER: PBS containing 0.02% sodium azide.
- CONCENTRATION: Antibody 1 mg/mL
Peptide 200 μg/mL
- STORAGE CONDITIONS: Stable at 4°C for three months, store at -20°C for up to one year.
- USER NOTE: Optimal dilutions for each application to be determined by the researcher.
- Anthrax infection is initiated by the inhalation, ingestion, or cutaneous contact with Bacillus anthracis endospores. B. anthracis produces three polypeptides that comprise the anthrax toxin: protective antigen (PA), lethal factor (LF), and edema factor (EF). PA binds to two related proteins on the cell surface; these are termed tumor epithelial marker 8 (TEM8)/anthrax toxin receptor (ATR) and capillary morphogenesis protein 2 (CMG2). PA is cleaved into two fragments by a furin-like protease after receptor binding. The bound fragment binds both LF and EF; the resulting complex is then endocytosed into the cell which allows the release of LF and EF into the cytoplasm. These toxins are usually sufficient to cause rapid cell death, and often the death of the infected organism. LF is the primary toxin of anthrax and functions as a highly specific protease that cleaves members of the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MAPKK) family near their amino terminus, interfering with MAPK signaling and inducing apoptosis . EF is a calmodulin and Ca++-dependent adenylate cyclase responsible for the edema seen in the disease. It is thought to benefit the B. anthracis bacteria by inhibiting cells of the host immune system. The Anthrax toxin receptor (ATR) was initially discovered as the tumor endothelial marker 8 (TEM8). This protein, which exists in three isoforms (36, 40, and 60 kDa), is highly expressed in tumor vessels as well as in the vasculature of developing embryos, suggesting that it may normally play a role in angiogenesis in addition to its role as the anthrax toxin receptor.
For images please see PDF data sheet
- 1: Schwartz MN. Recognition and management of anthrax - an update. New Engl. J. Med. 2001; 345:1621-6.
- 2: Moayeri M and Leppla SH. The roles of anthrax toxin in pathogenesis. Curr. Opin. Microbiol. 2004; 7:19-24.
- 3: Bradley KA, Mogridge J, Mourez M, et al. Identification of the cellular receptor for anthrax toxin. Nature 2001; 414:225-9.
- 4: Scobie HM, Rainey GJ, Bradley KA, et al. Human capillary morphogenesis protein 2 functions as an anthrax toxin receptor. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2003; 100:5170-4.
- Catalog Number 3117: ATR Antibody
- Catalog Number 3411: Anthrax PA Antibody
- Catalog Number 3417: Anthrax Lethal Factor Antibody
- Catalog Number 3419: Anthrax Edema Factor Antibody
- Catalog Number 3411P: Anthrax PA Peptide
- Catalog Number 3417P: Anthrax Lethal Factor Peptide
- Catalog Number 3419P: Anthrax Edema Factor Peptide
- FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY
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- Disclaimer: This product is for research use only.
CATALOG NUMBER: PSI-1811
- Size: 1 Set
- List Price: $640.00
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