Growth Hormone Recombinant Protein (Animal Free) Cat. No.: 40-720

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psi-iconSpecifications
SPECIES:Human, Rat
SOURCE SPECIES:E. coli
SEQUENCE:FPTIPLSRLF DNAMLRAHRL HQLAFDTYQE FEEAYIPKEQ KYSFLQNPQT SLCFSESIPT PSNREETQQK SNLELLRISL LLIQSWLEPV QFLRSVFANS LVYGASDSNV YDLLKDLEEG IQTLMGRLED GSPRTGQIFK QTYSKFDTNS HNDDALLKNY GLLYCFRKDM DKVETFLRIV QCRSVEGSCG F
BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY: Determined by its ability to stimulate the proliferation of rat Nb2-11 cells. The expected ED50 is ≤ 0.05 ng/ml, corresponding to a specific activity of ≥ 2 x 107 units/mg.
psi-iconProperties
PURITY:≥ 98% by SDS-PAGE gel and HPLC analyses.
PHYSICAL STATE:Lyophilized
STORAGE CONDITIONS:The recombinant protein is stable for at least 2 years from date of receipt at -20˚C. Reconstituted protein is stable for at least 3 months when stored in working aliquots with a carrier protein at -20˚C. As with any protein, exposing the recombinant protein to repeated freeze / thaw cycles is not recommended. When working with proteins care should be taken to keep recombinant protein at a cool and stable temperature.
psi-iconAdditional Info
ALTERNATE NAMES:Somatotropin, GH, GH-N, Growth Hormone 1, Pituitary growth hormone
OFFICIAL SYMBOL:GH1
GENE ID:2688
psi-iconBackground and References
BACKGROUND:Growth Hormone (GH), also known as somatotropin, is a pleiotropic cytokine of the hematopoietic growth factor superfamily, which encompasses most cytokines, hematopoietic growth factors, and related receptors, and includes the related growth hormone receptor, prolactin, placental lactogens, proliferins, and somatolactin (SST). GH is primarily recognized for its anabolic role in stimulating the growth and differentiation of muscle, bone, and cartilage. A number of other functions, including immunomodulatory actions, are also attributed to GH, due in part to the pervasive distribution of its receptors, and the indirect effects associated with GH-stimulated production of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs). Occurring predominantly in the somatotropes of the anterior pituitary, whereupon it is stored in secretory granules, production of GH has also been noted in many other tissues, including those of the hematopoietic system. The production and pulsatile release of circulating GH is very tightly regulated by both negative and positive feedback regulations of pituitary and hypothalamic hormones, such as Pituitary-specific Positive Transcription Factor 1 (POU1F1), Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone (GHRH), and somatostatin (SRIF). Deficient production of GH is associated with dwarfism and reduction of lean body mass, while overproduction is associated with acromegaly and gigantism, as well as breast tumor growth. Recombinant Human Growth Hormone is a 22.1 kDa, single, non-glycosylated polypeptide chain containing 191 amino acid residues.

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