EndoG Fragment Recombinant Protein Cat. No.: 95-103

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psi-iconSpecifications
SPECIES:Human
SOURCE SPECIES:E. coli
SEQUENCE:aa. 51 - 140
FUSION TAG:Fusion Partner: His-tag and strepII-tag at N-terminus
TESTED APPLICATIONS:ELISA, WB
APPLICATIONS:This recombinant protein can be used for WB and ELISA. For research use only.
BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY: N/A
psi-iconProperties
PURITY:~95%
PREDICTED MOLECULAR WEIGHT:15 kDa (Calculated)
PHYSICAL STATE:Liquid
BUFFER:1X PBS containing 0.1% SDS and 0.02% NaN3
STORAGE CONDITIONS:Store in working aliquots at -70˚C. Avoid freeze/thaw cycles. When working with proteins care should be taken to keep recombinant protein at a cool and stable temperature.
psi-iconAdditional Info
ALTERNATE NAMES:EndoG Antibody : Endo G
ACCESSION NO.:Q14249
PROTEIN GI NO.:24638471
OFFICIAL SYMBOL:ENDOG
GENE ID:2021
psi-iconBackground and References
BACKGROUND:The fragmentation of nuclear DNA is a hallmark of apoptotic cell death. The activities of caspase and nuclease are involved in the DNA fragmentation. Caspase-activated deoxyribo-nuclease (CAD), also termed DNA fragmentation factor (DFF40), is one such nuclease, and is capable of inducing DNA fragmentation and chromatin condensation after cleavage by caspase-3 of its inhibitor ICAD/DFF45. Caspase and CAD independent DNA fragmentation also exists. Recent studies demonstrated that another nuclease, endonuclease G (EndoG), is specifically activated by apoptotic stimuli and is able to induce nucleosomal fragmentation of DNA independently of caspase and DFF/CAD (1-3). EndoG is a mitochondrion-specific nuclease that translocates to the nucleus and cleaves chromatin DNA during apoptosis. The homologue of mammalian EndoG is the first mitochondrial protein identified to be involved in apoptosis in C. elegans (2). EndoG also cleaves DNA in vitro (4).
REFERENCES:1) Li LY, Luo X, Wang X. Endonuclease G is an apoptotic DNase when released from mitochondria. Nature 2001; 412:95-9.
2) Parrish J, Li L, Klotz K, et al. Mitochondrial endonuclease G is important for apoptosis in C. elegans . Nature 2001; 412:90-4
3) Hengartner MO. Apoptosis. DNA destroyers. Nature 2001; 412:27, 29.
4) Widlak P, Li LY, Wang X, et al. Action of recombinant human apoptotic endonuclease G on naked DNA and chromatin substrates: cooperation with exonuclease and DNase I. J. Biol. Chem. 2001; 276:48404-9.

FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY.

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